This model was the standard issue cavalry trooper’s sword until the lighter M1860 was
introduced, but continued in use throughout the Civil War by both sides. Affectionately
known as “Old Wristbreaker” by the troops due to its size and weight, it was basically a US
version of the French M1822 light cavalry saber. During most of the 19th C the French set
the styles for swords, which were copied by most of Europe and the United States. The
US M1840 was made by many firms and many were imported or used imported blades,
primarily from Germany. This example features curved single-edged 36″ blade with broad
3/4-length fuller and a shorter narrow fuller at the back edge; the ricasso clearly stamped
with the maker’s name “W. CLAUBERG/SOLINGEN”. Standard one-piece brass guard
with knuckle bow and conjoined two-branch side bars joining the brass capstan pommel.
Original leather-wrapped wood grip with twisted brass wire (leather worn and areas absent,
primarily on reverse). Original brown metal scabbard with twin carry rings (dented, but not
affecting functionality). Original leather belt hanger, the lower section lacking the top loop
and button. The blade smooth, with scattered staining; markings sharp and clear. Brass
with pleasing patina.