This model was the standard issue cavalry trooper’s sword until the lighter M1860 was
introduced, but continued in use throughout the Civil War by both sides. Affectionately
known as “Old Wristbreaker” by the troops due to its size and weight, it was basically a US
version of the French M1822 light cavalry sabre. During most of the 19th C the French set
the styles for swords, which were copied by most of Europe and the United States. The
US M1840 was made by many firms and many were imported or used imported blades,
primarily from Germany. This example with no visible markings, but of standard pattern
with one-piece brass guard; the knuckle-bow and conjoined two-branch side bars
connected to the brass capstan pommel (knuckle bow and the outer bar bent). Original
wood grip with remains of its original leather and complete twisted brass wire wrap.
Unmarked 35 3/4″ curved single-edged blade with double fullers (minor corrosion).
Leather blade washer. Steel scabbard with twin carrying rings (rust marking and several
dents in the lower third). Blade fits very tightly in scabbard.